There have been 252, 1,600-pound pumpkins grown

  Pumpkin Country Seed x Pollinator OTT Est-Wgt +/- Est
1699.3 Boonen 2017 Belgium 2145.5 McMullen x self 412 1523 12
1699.0 Sherwood 2016 United States 1596 Sherwood x 1676 LaRue 426 1580 8
1699.0 Pugh 2016 United States 2096 Meier x 2109 Zywiec 417 1497 13
1698.0 Ceja 2014 United States 1000 Ceja x 1985 Miller 422 1545 10
1696.0 Kaminski 2014 United States 1195 Kaminski x 2032 Mathinson 428 1597 6
1696.0 Tessier 2018 Canada 1676.5 Daletas x self 423 1631.0 4
1695.0 Kurilich 2016 United States 1865 Harnica x 963.5 Kurlich 434 1649 3
1695.0 Gaboury 2014 United States 1676 Daletas x 1196 Pierpont 439 1688 0
1695.0 Morgan 2018 United States 1928.5 Daletas x self 445 1848.0 -8
1694.0 Geddes 2016 United States 1727.5 Pierpont x 2145.5 McMullen 418 1510 12
1694.0 Frazfer 2016 United States x 440 1697 0
1694.0 Meier 2012 Switzerland 934 Schieder 11 x 1789 Wallace 11 419 1585 7
1694.0 Pingrey 2018 United States 2363 Holland x 2000 Pingrey 423 1631.0 4
1694.0 Holke 2018 Canada 1803 Hoelke x 2145.5 McMullen 420 1602.0 6
1693.0 Bordsen 2011 United States 1303 Sweet x 1622 Liggett 430 1659 2
1693.0 Ford 2018 United States 2095 Brandt x 1587 Caspers 423 1631.0 4
1692.8 McMullen 2014 United States 1625 Gantner x 1092 Naylor 398 1338 27
1692.5 Werner 2015 United States 2008 Neptune x 2002 Hawkley 427 1588 7
1692.5 Genweiler 2014 United States 1392 Genweiler x 2328 Meier 440 1701 0
1690.9 Luetjens 2017 Germany 1625 Lieber 2016 x 2095 Willeminjs 2016 443 1831 -8
1690.9 Feyaerts 2016 Belgium 1861 Cutrapi x 1683 Fulk 13 430 1611 5
1689.5 Daletas 2014 United States 1495 Stelts x 1495 Sib 421 1536 10
1689.0 Jutras 2007 United States 998.6 Pukos 2005 x 1225 Jutras 433 1694 0
1689.0 Tessier 2017 Canada 1676.5 Daletas 2012 x self 410 1506 12
1689.0 Barron 2016 United States 2230.5 Wallace x 1916 barron 397 1330 27
1688.0 Martin 2016 United States 1750 Martin x 1866.2 Cutrupi 437 1673 1
1686.5 Cutrupi 2018 Italy 1871 Cutrupi x self 428 1684.0 0
1685.5 Scherber 2016 United States 800 Mcmullen x 2145 Mccmullen 441 1706 -1
1685.0 LaRue 2015 United States 1659 Miller x 1969 Haist 425 1571 7
1684.5 Delaney 2012 Canada 1495 Stelts x 1818 Bryson 405 1428 18
1684.5 Walsh-Parres 2018 United States 2269.4 Paton x 2363 Holland 421 1611.0 5
1684.3 Willemijns 2015 Belgium 1015 Wild 2014 x 1947.5 Clementz 2014 430 1617 4
1684.3 Schierding 2013 Germany 1789 Wallace 11 x 1725 Harp 09 436 1666 1
1684.0 Urena 2011 United States 1421 stelts x 991 urena 434 1705 -1
1684.0 Hazeltine 2018 United States 1826 Wolf x 1706 Kurilich 419 1587.0 6
1683.5 Morgan 2017 United States 1529 Morgan x 1642.5 Wallace 447 1868 -10
1683.5 Warner 2015 Canada 2002 Hawkley x 2032 Mathison 423 1554 8
1683.0 Fulk 2013 United States 1524 Fulk x 1789 Wallace 425 1567 7
1682.1 Lueders 2016 Germany 1714 Lueders 2015 x 1317 Clementz 443 1723 -2
1681.5 Faust 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 1892 Faust 418 1581 6
1681.5 Stelts 2016 United States 1272 Sherwood 14 x 1116 Stelts 14 424 1562 8
1681.5 Jacobus 2015 United States 1651.5 Halverson x 2008 Neptune 427 1588 6
1681.0 Crawford 2018 United States 1338 Martin x self 426 1660.0 1
1681.0 Globus 2016 United States 1625.5 Gantner x 1970 Globus 399 1347 25
1680.5 Giarrusso 2017 United States 1961 Sperry x 1975 Wallace 421 1611 4
1679.9 Tanner 2012 Germany 1634 Werner x 1435 Stelts 453 1982 -15
1679.0 Stelts 2017 United States 1758 Stelts 16 x 2145.5 McMullen 15 425 1650 2
1679.0 Edwards 2016 United States 1346 Edwards x 414 1471 14
1678.8 Heavy East Team 2015 Germany 1676.5 Daletas 12 x 2102 Meier14 413 1464 15
1678.5 Sherwood 2016 United States 1676 LaRue x 1730 Werner 424 1558 8
1678.0 Hunt 2009 Canada 901 Hunt x 1156 Hunt 407 1408 19
1677.0 Companion 2018 United States 1989.5 Daletas x 1944 Connolly 407 1478.0 13
1676.5 Daletas 2012 United States 1381 Checkon x 1495 Stelts 431 1716 -2
1676.0 Werner 2017 United States 1385 Howell and Jolivette x self 431 1704 -2
1676.0 LaRue 2015 United States 1969 Haist x 2323.7 Meier 419 1519 10
1676.0 Checkon 2011 United States 1381 Checkon x 1421 Checkon 418 1524 10
1675.0 Timm 2014 Canada 1789 Wallace x 1985 Miller 430 1614 4
1675.0 Hopkins 2010 United States 1325 Hopkins x 1140 Stevens 426 1613 4
1674.5 Connolly 2010 United States 1725 Harp 09 x 1596 Wallace 424 1585 6
1674.0 Marsh 2010 United States 1488 Marsh x 1544 Reiver 412 1460 15
1673.5 Stelts 2018 United States 2090.5 Stelts x 1810 Werner 422 1621.0 3
1673.5 LaRue 2018 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 1678.5 Sherwood 429 1689.0 -1
1672.5 Harnica 2016 United States 2230 Wallace x 2008 Neptune 426 1580 6
1672.2 Horde 2017 The Netherlands 1706 Horde x self 419 1587 5
1672.0 Gehweiler 2016 United States 1338 Martin x 1692 Gehweiler 431 1623 3
1672.0 Baptiste 2016 United States 2020.5 Werner x 2020 Werner 419 1515 10
1671.0 Zappa 2017 United States 2066 Geddes x 1805.5 Zappa 420 1602 4
1671.0 Giarrusso 2016 United States 1775 Sperry x 1621.5 Giarrusso 414 1471 14
1670.5 Howell and Jolivette 2015 United States 2009 Wallace x 1756 Howell and Jolivette 432 1632 2
1670.0 Parks 2012 United States 1725 Harp x 1634 Werner 438 1792 -7
1669.5 Giarusso 2018 United States 2363 Holland x 2269.4 Paton 408 1487.0 12
1668.5 Greathouse 2017 United States 1333 Brungard x 2230 Wallace 429 1689 -1
1668.5 DeNigris 2011 United States 1554 Rose x 1199 Jutras 426 1613 3
1667.0 Frias 2015 United States 2002 Hawkley x 2036 Glasier 409 1432 16
1667.0 Harnica 2015 United States 1916 Baron x 2323.7 Meier 413 1467 14
1666.5 Steil 2014 United States 1623.5 Wallace x selfed 436 1667 0
1666.0 Weldy 2018 United States 2090.5 Stelts x 2090.5 Stelts 419 1592.0 5
1666.0 Groenewold 2017 United States 2004 Vanderweilen x 971 Groenewold 424 1641 2
1666.0 Holland 2013 United States 1596 Werner x 2009 Wallace 443 1723 -3
1665.0 Sherwood 2017 United States 1050 Zaychkowsky x 1812.5 Sherwood 402 1426 17
1664.5 LaRue 2018 United States 2363 Holland x 1678.5 Sherwood 415 1554.0 7
1664.5 Werner 2016 United States 1692.5 Werner x 1585.5 Werner 412 1458 14
1663.4 Harris 2015 New Zealand 1623.5 Wallace x 2009 Wallace 433 1641 1
1663.0 Zoellner 2010 United States 1421 Stelts x Sib 415 1487 12
1662.5 Zappa 2016 United States 1582.5 Werner x 2008 Neptune 424 1558 7
1662.5 DeBacco 2015 United States 1676.5 Daletas 2012 x 1916 Barron 2014 405 1398 19
1662.5 Stelts 2009 United States 904 Stelts x 1350 Starr 417 1514 10
1662.0 Young 2007 United States 1068 Wallace 03 x sibbed 419 1535 8
1662.0 DeBacco 2015 United States 1916 Barron x 1676.5 Daletas 414 1476 13
1662.0 Steil 2014 United States 1676 Daletas x 2009 Wallace 415 1484 12
1661.5 Werner 2013 United States 1676.5 Daletas x 1245 Werner 408 1424 17
1661.0 Jutras 2011 United States 1725 Sweet x 1520 Sperry 431 1665 0
1661.0 Tobeck 2017 United States 1844.5 Holub x self 426 1660 0
1660.1 BBW 2014 Germany 1095 BBW x 303 BBW EST 442 1716 -3
1660.0 Brungard 2016 United States 1753 Brungard x self 433 1636 1
1659.5 Gates 2015 United States 2009 Wallace 2012 x self 419 1519 9
1659.0 Barlow 2015 United States 1985 miller x 425 1571 6
1659.0 Miller 2013 United States 1548 Hawkley x 1495 Stelts 418 1506 10
1658.0 Young 2009 United States 1288 Wallace x 1026 Young 418 1524 9
1657.6 Bryson 2011 Canada 1725 Harp x 1468 Stevens 428 1636 1
1657.0 Vincent 2017 United States 1803 Hoelke x 1834 Vincent 427 1665 0
1657.0 Marsh 2011 United States 1605 Sweet x 1674 Marsh 417 1514 9
1656.0 Stelts 2018 United States 1681 Stelts x 2090.5 Stelts 423 1631.0 2
1656.0 Menting 2015 United States 2008 Neptune x 1916 Barron 438 1684 -2
1656.0 Platte 2014 United States 2032 mathison x 1570 platte 426 1580 5
1655.5 Hawkley 2015 United States 2323.7 Meier x 2002 hawkley 432 1632 1
1655.5 Cardenas 2013 United States 1401 Urena x 1789 Wallace 421 1536 8
1655.0 Globus 2016 United States 1554 Mathison x 1970 Globus 428 1593 4
1655.0 Harnica 2014 United States 1985 miller x 2032 mathison 443 1727 -4
1655.0 Ford and Given 2012 United States 1789 Wallace x self 416 1543 7
1654.6 Meier 2015 Switzerland 2102 Meier x 2096Meier 0 0 0
1654.5 Sproule 2015 Canada 1873 Stelts x 2032 Mathison 407 1415 17
1654.5 Werner 2012 United States 1596 Werner x 1488 Marsh 412 1506 10
1654.0 Hawkley 2018 United States 2000 Pingrey x 2145.5 McMullen 405 1459.0 13
1653.5 Groenwold 2018 United States x 441 1808.0 -9
1653.5 Sproule 2015 Canada 2032 Mathison x 1985 Miller 414 1476 12
1653.0 Foss 2015 United States 1873 Steil x self 436 1667 -1
1653.0 LaRue 2015 United States 1916 Barron x 1659 Miller 418 1506 10
1652.0 Wagner 2018 United States 1971.5 Wolf x self 419 1587.0 4
1652.0 Crews 2017 Canada 1684 Crews x 2145.5 McMullen 15 0 0 0
1652.0 Howell and Jolivette 2016 United States 1965 Brandt x 1201 Howell and Jolivette 408 1420 16
1651.5 Lancaster 2016 United States 1954 Lancaster 2015 x 2230 Wallace 2015 423 1549 7
1651.5 Halverson 2014 United States 1813 Northrup x 1791 Holland 419 1515 9
1651.0 Breznick 2014 United States 1530.5 Breznick x 1843.5 Geddes 415 1480 12
1650.8 Sproule 2011 Canada 1421 Stelts 09 x 1185 Kline 446 1850 -11
1650.5 Duffy 2016 United States 1662 DeBacco 2015 x 1662.5 DeBacco 2015 421 1536 7
1650.0 Werner 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1676.5 Daletas 429 1601 3
1649.5 Holland 2018 United States 1937 Ure x 2145.5 McMullen 432 1714.0 -4
1649.0 Uhlmeyer 2017 United States 1944 Connolly x self 427 1670 -1
1649.0 Connolly 2016 United States 1790 Wallace x 2230 Wallace 432 1627 1
1649.0 Holland 2014 United States 1791Holland x 1985 miller 415 1484 11
1649.0 Squires 2014 United States 1330.5 Keyes 12 x self 429 1606 3
1649.0 Lancaster 2012 United States 1554 Rose x 1789 Wallace 424 1636 1
1648.5 Crisp 2018 United States Connolly 2075.5 x 1975 Wallace 423 1626.0 1
1648.0 Wallace 2015 United States 1985 Miller x 2009 Wallace 422 1543 7
1647.5 Halverson 2014 United States 1791 Holland x 1623.5 Wallace 434 1649 0
1647.0 Pugh 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 1944.5 Pugh 419 1592 3
1647.0 Kaminski 2016 United States 1790 Wallace x 1625 Gantner 406 1402 17
1647.0 Hawkley 2012 United States 1548 hawkley x 1807 stelts 431 1716 -4
1646.5 Howell and Jolivette 2016 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 1756 How and Jol 420 1528 8
1646.0 Klowan 2016 United States 1403 Companion x 1790 Wallace 405 1398 18
1645.5 Bordsen 2010 United States 1725 harp x 991 urena 437 1735 -5
1645.0 Patterson 2018 United States 2363 Holland x self 432 1719.0 -4
1644.6 Biermans 2016 Belgium 2008 Neptune x 1764 Biermans 411 1446 14
1644.5 Gehweiler 2014 United States 179 Debacco x 1392 Gehweiler 414 1476 11
1643.5 Mini 2017 United States x 0 0 0
1643.0 Fulk 2012 United States 1381 Checkon x 850 Fulk 425 1648 0
1642.5 Wallace 2016 United States 2230 Wallace x 1625 Gantner 421 1532 7
1642.5 Sperry 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1756 Lancaster 425 1571 5
1641.5 Young 2016 United States 2009 Wallace x 1245 Young 416 1493 10
1641.5 Clementz 2014 United States 1530 Gehwiler x 1067 Kent 428 1597 3
1641.4 Montgomery 2011 Canada 1566 Rodonis x 1185 Kline 429 1647 0
1641.3 Petrelli 2017 Italy 2145.5 McMullen x 1521 Cutrupi 416 1561 5
1641.0 Holland 2016 United States 1627.5 Holland x 1750 Holland 414 1471 12
1640.5 Platte 2014 United States 1574 Platte x 20332 Mathison 425 1571 4
1640.2 De Swert 2016 Belgium 2096 Meier x 1916 Barron 430 1610 2
1640.0 Giarrusso 2014 United States 1104 Wallace x 2009 Wallace 444 1736 -6
1639.5 Sherwood 2017 United States 1385 Howell and Jolivette x 1586 Sherwood 427 1670 -2
1639.0 Kruszyna 2016 United States 2008 Neptune x 2145.5 McMullen 420 1523 8
1639.0 Pugh 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x open 435 1658 -1
1637.5 Morgan 2018 United States 2002 Tobeck x 1928.5 Daletas
1637.0 Carlson 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 2009 0 0 0
1636.0 Deletas 2015 United States 1659 Miller x 2009 Wallace 419 1519 8
1636.0 Liggett 2009 United States 1375.5 Liggett 2008 x 1459 Sundstrom 2008 445 1838 -11
1635.5 Post 2014 United States 1813 Northrup x 1746 Lancaster 426 1575 4
1635.0 Boyce 2018 United States 2269.4 Paton x 426 1660.0 -2
1635.0 Busquaert 2015 United States 2032 Mathison x 2036 Glasier 430 1614 1
1634.5 Adams 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1495 Stelts 444 1736 -6
1634.0 Werner 2010 United States 1421 Stelts x 1236 Harp 434 1705 -4
1632.0 Stelts 2017 United States 1803 Stelts x 2252 Paton 423 1631 0
1631.5 McKie 2007 United States 1041.5 McKie x 1308.5 McKie 401 1347 21
1630.5 Hertzfeld 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 1790 Werner 421 1611 1
1630.5 Globus 2012 United States 1725 harp x 991 urena 447 1906 -14
1630.0 Weldy 2016 United States 2145.5 McMullen x 2145.5 McMullen 411 1445 13
1630.0 Carter 2015 United States 1189 Stevens x self 424 1562 4
1630.0 Daletas 2014 United States 1596 Werner x 1495 Stelts 417 1497 9
1630.0 Colbert 2012 Canada 1596 Werner 2010 x 1303 Sweet 2009 422 1614 1
1630.0 Revier 2011 United States 1605 Sweet x 1810 Stevens 408 1413 15
1629.0 Fuehrer 2018 United States 1739 Platte x 2047 Sippel 417 1573.0 4
1629.0 Carrier 2017 United States 1916 Barron x 1824 Shenoha 406 1468 11
1628.0 Miller 2018 United States 2145.5 McMullen x self 424 1641.0 -1
1627.5 Rumancik 2018 United States 2145.5 McMullen x self 417 1573.0 3
1627.5 Holland 2014 United States 1985 miller x 1791Holland 442 1719 -5
1627.5 Sweet 2014 United States 1744 Fulk x 1525 Fulk 440 1701 -4
1627.0 Martin 2016 United States 2185 Brandt 15 x 2017 Martin 15 422 1545 5
1627.0 Midthun 2015 United States 2036 glacier x 2323 meier 423 1554 5
1626.5 Hall 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1778.5 Daletas 435 1658 -2
1626.0 Cardenas 2016 United States 1945 Daletas x 2145.5 McMullen 433 1641 -1
1626.0 Jarvis 2016 Canada 1353 Jarvis x 1720 Werner 421 1536 6
1626.0 Gantner 2014 United States 1320 Faskell x 351 G. Gantner 434 1645 -1
1625.9 Ruben 2018 Spain 2624 Willemijns x 2031.6 Mendi 2017 423 1629.0 0
1625.9 ivan 2018 Italy 2043.5 Clementz x sib 402 1427.0 14
1625.5 Huydic 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1725 Harp 421 1536 6
1625.5 Gantner 2013 United States 1495 Stelts x self 409 1432 14
1625.0 Lieber 2016 United States 2009 Wallace x self 441 1710 -5
1624.8 Moretti 2018 Italy 1625 Gantner x 1625.5 Gantner 400 1416.0 15
1624.5 Wolf 2018 United States 1742 Wolf x self 405 1454.0 12
1624.0 Johnson 2018 Canada 1801 Berrens x 2363 Holland 418 1578.0 3
1624.0 Shaw 2017 Canada 1331.5 Shaw x 1975 Wallace 426 1660 -2
1624.0 Haist 2017 United States 1969 Haist x 2145.5 McMullen 412 1520 7
1624.0 Connolly 2017 United States 2075.5 Connolly 2016 x 1944 Connolly 2016 414 1539 6
1623.7 Haase 2014 Germany 1813 Northrup 2013 x 1482 Haase 2013 421 1535 6
1623.5 Wallace 2012 United States 1278 Goetze x 1725 Harp 433 1733 -6
1622.0 Ceja 2015 United States 2009 Wallace x 2323.7 Meier 425 1571 3
1622.0 Halverson 2013 United States 1566 Rodonis x 1180.5 Pukos 0 0 0
1622.0 Liggett 2010 United States 1725 Harp x 664.5 Liggett 415 1492 9
1622.0 Young 2009 United States 1207 Young x 1385 Jutras 420 1541 5
1621.5 Skinner 2017 United States 1739 Skinner x self 433 1729 -6
1621.5 Holland 2015 United States 1450Holland x 2323 meier 439 1693 -4
1621.5 Giarrusso 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 1756 Lancaster 419 1519 7
1621.0 Liggett 2014 United States 1312 Weston x 2032 Mathison 416 1493 9
1621.0 Westervelt 2012 United States 1596 Werner x 1161 Rodonis 421 1603 1
1620.2 Johnston-Butler 2018 Canada 1337 Butler x 1836 Tobeck 406 1468.0 10
1619.0 Edwards 2016 United States 1215 Edwards x 421 1532 6
1618.2 Bryson 2010 Canada 1556 Werner x 1544 Reviere 425 1596 1
1618.0 Berrens 2017 Belgium 1801.2 Berrens x 2145.5 McMullen 422 1617 0
1617.0 Sherwood 2018 United States 1702 Sherwood x 1937 Ure 405 1454.0 11
1617.0 Sherwood 2016 United States 1730 Werner x 2323.7 Meier 397 1330 22
1617.0 Urena 2015 United States 2002 Hawkley x 2323.7 Meier 416 1493 8
1615.0 Haist 2016 United States 1725 Haist x 1558 Werner 415 1484 9
1614.5 Brady 2015 United States 2008 Neptune x self 441 1710 -6
1614.5 Swearingen 2014 United States 2032 Mathison x 1985 Miller 427 1588 2
1613.5 Barlow 2017 United States 2307 Wallace DMG x 2145.5 McMullen 430 1699 -5
1613.5 McCracken 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x self 404 1445 12
1613.5 Wallace 2012 United States 1647 Wallace x 1807 Stelts 420 1589 2
1613.5 Adams 2011 United States 1725 Sweet x self 418 1524 6
1612.5 Midthun 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x self 417 1573 3
1612.5 Adams 2014 United States 1676.5 daletas x 2009 Wallace 410 1441 12
1611.5 Martin 2017 United States 1338 Martin x 2145 McMullan 429 1689 -5
1611.0 Tessier 2016 Canada 1676.5 Daletas 2012 x self 414 1476 9
1610.0 Urena 2017 United States 1937 Urena x 1625.5 Gantner 417 1573 2
1610.0 Starr 2011 United States 1725 harp x 1596 Werner 427 1619 -1
1610.0 Lieber 2010 United States 1161 Rodonis 07 x self 421 1557 3
1609.5 Snyder 2015 United States 1508 Snyder x 1508 Snyder 406 1407 14
1609.5 Pugh 2014 United States 1813 northrup x Wallace 2009 399 1347 19
1609.0 Cardenas 2017 United States 1944.5 Pugh x 1530 Cardenas 422 1621 -1
1609.0 Clementz 2014 United States 1067.5 Kent x 2009 Wallace 422 1545 4
1608.5 Brady 2012 United States 1592 Platte x 1596 Werner 421 1598 1
1608.0 Sperry 2018 United States 2363 Holland x 419 1592.0 1
1608.0 Bryson 2017 Canada 2624.6 Willemijns 2016 x 1803 Holke 409 1496 7
1606.0 Checkon 2016 United States 2230.5 Wallace x 2036 Glasier 437 1671 -4
1605.0 Menting 2017 United States 2145.5 McMullen x open 426 1655 -3
1605.0 Sweet 2010 United States 1303 Sweet x 1161 Rodonis 406 1398 15
1604.5 Werner 2015 United States 1753 Brungard x 1558.5 Werner 431 1623 -1
1604.0 Robinson 2017 United States 1969 Haist x 2145.5 McMullen 426 1660 -3
1603.0 Stephens 2017 United States 1739 Skinner x 2157 Paton 418 1582 1
1603.0 Huffer 2014 United States 2009 Wallace x 895 Huffer 414 1471 9
1602.0 Tobeck 2016 United States 2020.5 Werner x 1916 Barron 420 1528 5
1602.0 Glasier 2012 United States 1409 Miller x 1807 Stelts 410 1485 8
1602.0 Michaud 2018 United States 2090.5 Stelts x 2363 Holland 420 1597.0 0
1600.0 Howell and Jolivette 2017 United States x 437 1763 -9
1600.0 McConkie 2011 United States 1421.5 Stelts x 1544.5 Revier 426 1613 -1